Terms You Should Know in The Textile Industry

By Pulau Intan Lestari

November 14, 2022

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Oxford languages define the term as a word or phrase used to describe a thing or to express a concept, especially in a particular kind of language or branch of study. If we talk about industry then we should find there are different terms used, the difference happens because they work in different sectors or types of industry. But for textile and garment or fashion industries, we assume they are very related and use the same language in this case about terms. Below we will list all frequently used terms that you should know in the textile industry!

1. Blend:

A fabric made of different fibers mixed together. This combination improves the performance of fabrics.

2. Carded :

Fibers which have been straightened before spinning into a yarn.

3. Color Fastness:

The property by virtue of which the dyed material has resistance against bleeding on washed or exposed to light, gas, rubbing.

4. Combed :

Fibers which have been prepared for manufacture with a comb.

5. Cuttable Width (CW) :

The usable width of fabric.

6. Dyeing :

Is the application of dyes or pigments on textile materials such as fibers, yarns, and fabrics with the goal of achieving color with desired color fastness.

7. Elasticity :

Is the result of stretching a fabric to the maximum without being deformed.

8. Fiber :

A fine strand that is the base component of textile materials.

9. Finish Width (FW) :

Is the actual width of the fabric.

10. Finishing :

Treatment of fabric to improve properties.

11. Gram per Square Metre (GSM) :

Is the weight of the fabric if you take a sheet of material which is one meter by one meter square and weigh it in grams.

12. Greige :

Unprocessed or unfinished fabric which hasn’t been dyed, bleached and processed.

13. Jacquard :

Is a complex knitted pattern produced on a computerized knitting machine where each knitting needle is controlled separately.

14. Shrinkage :

A reduction in the dimensions of fabric.

15. Tubular :

A woven, knitted, or braided fabric made in circular seamless form.

Knowing about textile industry terms will lead you to better communication when ordering textile products. It will reduce ambiguity and increase clarity, which makes it an important factor in quality. We hope you enjoyed this article, do not forget to follow our social media to get daily inspiration and knowledge about textile and fashion.

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