By Pulau Intan Lestari
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E-Textile or Electronic Textile is a term to explain smart textile, it’s a kind of fabric that incorporates electronic components and circuitry into their design. This textile can be embedded with sensors, microcontrollers, and other electronic components to create interactive, responsive, and functional garments and accessories.
E-Textile can be made in knit or woven and manufactured by using special yarn material that conducts electricity by either coating it with metals like copper or silver. It can also be made conductive by combining cotton or nylon fibers with metal fibers when it is spun. E-textile can be used for numerous applications such as temperature regulating fabrics, fashion and entertainment clothes, health monitoring fabric, military, sportswear, transport and automotive.
If you ever know about anti-microbial or anti-uv fabric, that is an example of passive smart textile. Passive smart textiles refer to a kind of fabric technology that is designed to respond to changes in their environment without requiring an external power source; it commonly uses special chemical or mechanical processing. Besides, E-Textile or you can call it active smart textile will require an external power source to operate, may be a battery or an external power supply, depending on the design and intended use of the e-textile.
E-Textile are a new technology that is promising, but it still has limitations that should be optimized before commercial release, such as waterproof features for outdoor activity, flexibility issues compared with common fabric items, and international standards for safety due to integrated electronic components, such as sensors, actuators, and circuits inside it.